Can arbitration proceedings be conducted in languages other than English in India?

Answer By law4u team

Yes, arbitration proceedings can be conducted in languages other than English in India. The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, which governs arbitration proceedings in India, allows parties to conduct arbitration in the language or languages of their choice. Here's how arbitration proceedings in languages other than English can be conducted in India: Agreement of the Parties: The language or languages to be used in arbitration proceedings are typically determined by the agreement of the parties. In their arbitration agreement or contract, parties can specify the language in which they wish the arbitration proceedings to be conducted. This can be any language that is mutually acceptable to the parties. Language of the Arbitral Tribunal: The arbitrators appointed to hear the dispute should be proficient in the language chosen for the arbitration proceedings. If the parties have agreed to conduct the arbitration in a language other than English, the arbitrators selected should be fluent in that language to ensure effective communication and understanding throughout the proceedings. Language of Documents and Evidence: All documents, evidence, and submissions presented during the arbitration proceedings should be in the language agreed upon by the parties. This includes pleadings, witness statements, expert reports, and any other written materials submitted to the arbitral tribunal. Interpretation Services: If necessary, parties may arrange for interpretation services to facilitate communication during the arbitration proceedings. This is particularly important if one or more parties or witnesses are not fluent in the language chosen for the arbitration and require translation or interpretation services to participate effectively. Enforcement of Awards: Arbitral awards rendered in languages other than English are enforceable in India, provided that they meet the requirements for enforcement under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. However, if enforcement is sought in a foreign jurisdiction, parties may need to take additional steps to ensure that the award is recognized and enforced in accordance with the laws of that jurisdiction. Overall, parties in arbitration proceedings in India have the flexibility to conduct proceedings in languages other than English, provided that the language chosen is agreed upon by all parties and ensures effective communication and understanding throughout the arbitration process.

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